Reshep featured on a stela Reshep's name in hieroglyphs


(Reshpu, Reshef)

Symbols: gazelle
Cult Center: Memphis

Reshep was a god of Syrian origin whose worshipped in Egypt was established as early as the 18th Dynasty of the New Kingdom. Reverence of Reshep extended as far away as Spain. In Egypt, Reshep was considered a god of war and pestilence. As such, Reshep was associated with Montu, Egypt's native god of war.

Reshep was also a protector of royalty. A stela erected near the Great Sphinx at Giza by Pharoah Amenhotep II shows Reshep rejoicing at the then-Crown Prince's diligence in looking after his horses. However, Reshep's powers, especially against pestilence, extended beyond royal circles. Magical text included spells that call upon Reshep, and his wife Itum, to destroy the Akha demon which causes abdominal pains. He was also worshipped as a god who answers prayers.

Reshep was part of triad that included his wife, Qetesh, the Semetic goddess of love, and their child, Min.

Reshep was portrayed as a man who wears the White Crown, with a gazelle instead of the uraeus cobra at his brow. Long ribbons steamed from the back of Reshep's crown. In his right hand, Reshep carried a weapon, usually a spear, mace, axe or sickle. In his left hand, he held a shield, a was sceptre or the ankh. Reshep was frequently depicted with a Syrian-style beard.

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